07 December 2016

How does Bellota manufacture tines?

In this post, we have asked to our friends at Bellota how they manufacture the double coil tines. This tine is very common both in cultivators as in seeding machines with cultivators. This kind of tine is recommended for a working depth of between 15 and 25 cm and the required power is between 19 and 23 HP/m.

The steel of the double coil tines is a spring’s steel with a high elasticity steel with high capacity to recover the initial geometry. Bellota manufactures from 20x20 up to 35x35 profiles that with the appropriate heat treatment in each case, the best result is achieved.

Bellota buys from European foundries high quality steel, which before the manufacturing process starts is checked. Depending of the tine’s dimension, the steel profile is cut to the required length. In the next process, both holes the one for the cultivator and the other for the frame are punched. Bellota manufactures any dimension required by the client. Once the steel is heated to near 900º C, the shape of the tine is obtained. In this moment is crucial to heat treatment perfectly, since it guarantees a long lasting product with elasticity to recover the initial geometry and not to have breaks with obstacles that can appear in the soil. All tines are revised to guarantee the geometry, perpendicularity and twist. After the heat treatment, thanks to a shot-blasting system the steel is cleaned and is ready for painting. Bellota uses high quality powder painting or epoxy painting that guarantees UVA protection.

All the articles manufactured by Bellota have a lifetime warranty for any manufacturing defect. Bellota offers a large range of double coil tines in the distribution and manufacturer to the main farm equipment manufacturers adapted to their requirements and standards.

In addition to tines, Bellota also manufactures all types of agricultural spare parts for ploughs, cultivators, disk harrows and seeding machines in two of their manufacturing plants in Spain.

Versión en español.


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22 November 2016

Important items before sowing

This time, we aren't speaking about machinery, seeds or agricultural techniques... However, we will also show you some pictures about this nice task that were sent by our friend Kiko. He used his new Solá Vesta 2813 seed drill. We will speak about some ideas farmers need to know in order to do an appropriate planing of their fields and crops to avoid having any problems when farmers ask for CAP.

To be able of charging the Green Payment (also called Greening), you must have a correct crop diversification. Depending on the size of your farm, the rules are according the crop distributions you have to do:
  • If your farm has between 10 and 30 hectares, it is necessary that you sow two crops without the main crop accounting for more than 75% of this cultivated field.
  • If your farm has more than 30 hectares, you need to plant 3 different crops without the main crop accounting for more than 75% of the cultivated field and the two main together do not constitute more than 95% of the same.

It is also important to keep in mind:
  • Cultivated areas of ecological agriculture, as well as those of permanent crops (vineyards, olive trees, almonds, etc.) directly pay green.
  • Fallow fields are considered a crop. It can be fallow two or more years.
  • If the previous year a field was fallow, you can sow cereal or pulse vegetables in the following campaign.
  • If a field has been planted with nitrogen-fixing crops (pulse vegetables, protein crops,...), it cann't be fallow or any other nitrogen-fixing crop in the following season.
  • The different cereals (barley, wheat, triticale,...) are considered different crops.
  • You can sow cereals in the same field again, but you cann't sow any nitrogen fixing crops again in the same field.

If you practice ecological agriculture and your farm exceeds 15 hectares, at least 5% of the cultivated land and forested areas have to be ecological interest area (SIE). Areas of ecological interest will be considered:
  • The fallow fields (1he of SIE = 1 fallow hectare).
  • The areas dedicated to nitrogen fixing crops (1 he of SIE = 1.43 he of pulse vegetables).
  • Forested areas, during the course of the corresponding commitment acquired by the farmer.

Regarding the collection of the subsidies associated with the Protein Crops, the following information must be known:
  • Crops can be:
  1. Protein crops: peas, beans and sweet lupine.
  2. Pulse vegetables: veza, yeros, carob bears, field beans, sharks, atholva, alverja and alverjón.
  3. Fodder pulse vegetables: alfalfa (only on rainfed fields), fodder, scallop and zulla.
  4. Oilseeds: sunflower, rape, soybean and camelina.
  • Requirements:
  1. To reach established phenological state: milky maturity (protein crops and pulse vegetables), flowering (fodder pulse vegetables), grain set (oilseeds).
  2. Animal feeding.
  3. Providing proof of sale (invoice) or having a RECA code.
  • Amount to be received:
  1. Protein and pulse vegetables: 60 €/he
  2. Oilseeds: 40 €/he (up to 50 hectares per farmer)

For farmers who produce ecological vegetables for human consumption, they need to know:
  • The crops will be chickpea, lentil or beans.
  • They should be regulatory framework of  ecological agriculture.
  • The amount of the basic aid will be of 100 €/he.

Versión en español.

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